Immunotherapy with the help of paternal allogeneic lymphocytes became a viable form of treatment for the women suffering from recurrent miscarriages. The treatment became popular during the 1980s and since then it has been seen that the treatment has brought about a positive outcome in pregnancy results with lymphocyte immunotherapy.
What are the possible side-effects resulting from LIT therapy?
The local reactions were the most common side-effects. These consist of itching or redness that recedes within 2 weeks. The systemic reactions can also be found in 6%-8% of the cases of LIT therapy. Blisters can be found at the injection sites and are characteristic of LIT therapy. It is not dependent on the HLA class I mismatch that can be found between the host and cell donor. A large study of 4500 cases of LIT, there were no no major side effects like graft versus host disease, anaphylaxis and autoimmune problems.
What are the reactions observed in the patients?
The side-effects that can be seen after the LIT therapy can be classified into a few categories. The local reactions are mostly caused due to the intradermal injections. There can be systemic symptoms like malaise and mild fever as well. The probability of getting these mild side effects vary from one person to the other.
An inflammatory reaction might build up in the first week following treatment. However, it would subside within the first 2 weeks. The injection sites are visible as faint bluish marks for a couple of weeks. However, they generally do vanish and do not cause granuloma or scarring. These local reactions might include a burning sensation, swelling, itching, redness, blisters at the injection sites, pain and discomfort in the immunized arm accompanied with swelling.
There can be the development of systemic symptoms like malaise, mild fever and skin rashes. There are no major systemic side effects like anaphylaxis, graft versus host diseaseand autoimmune disorders. (Kling et al)
Considering all the test cases that have been studied over the years, it can be said that LIT is free from major side effects.
The lyers went form clinic to clinic . They tried everything,including IVF. Nothing worked.But they were not the ones to give up hope! Finally,after 5 years of waiting,Nisha was born to them at our clinic.
An open letter from Dr Mugdha
Nisha is 21 now! she is hale and hearty; beautiful to look at and very very spirited. To me, she could have been no one other than that - knowing first hand how she was brought into the world.
It is beautiful story I love to tell,especially to those couples who have resigned to a life without a child.Read More
There are half a million cases where IVF has failed too;but that no way means the end of the road to parenthood. Dr Mohan Raut writes about his experience with Lymhocyte Immunisation Therapy.Read More